Children in CAR and Nigeria face worst climate risks – UNICEF
The United Nations Children’s Fund has ranked Nigeria and Chad as the second country where children are most exposed to climate change.
UNICEF, in a report titled “Children’s Climate Risk Index,” used data to generate new global evidence on the number of children currently exposed to climate and environmental risks, shocks and stresses.
He noted that a billion children around the world were at risk.
The CCRI helps to understand and measure the likelihood of climatic and environmental shocks or stresses leading to erosion of development progress, worsening deprivation and / or humanitarian situations affecting children or vulnerable households and groups.
Of the 163 countries on the list, the top 13 were African. Ranked from worst to safest, the top 10 in order were Central African Republic (1), Chad and Nigeria (2), Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Somalia (4), Niger, Sudan South (7), DR Congo (9), Angola, Cameroon, Madagascar, Mozambique (10).
Foreword to the report signed by Adriana Calderón, Mexico; Farzana Jhumu, Bangladesh; Eric Njuguna, Kenya and; Greta Thunberg, Sweden, said: “The Children’s Climate Risk Index ranks countries based on children’s vulnerability to environmental stresses and extreme weather events.
“He finds that children in the Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Guinea and Guinea Bissau are most at risk.
“And yet these countries are among the least responsible for creating the problem, with the 33 extremely high risk countries collectively emitting only 9% of global carbon dioxide emissions.
“On the other hand, the 10 most emitting countries collectively represent nearly 70% of global emissions. Only one of these countries is classified as extremely high risk in the index. We cannot allow this injustice to continue.
“It is immoral that the countries which have done the least suffer first and the worst. Governments and businesses must urgently work to tackle the root causes of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with the Paris Agreement.
Responding to the report, UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore said: “It is already clear that children are more vulnerable to climatic and environmental shocks than adults.
“However, this report examines for the first time exactly how many children live in areas facing multiple climate and environmental risks that overlap, trigger, reinforce and amplify, combined with data on availability and availability. quality of essential services such as health care, education. and water and sanitation to give real insight into the impact of the climate crisis on children.
She added that to tackle the climate crisis, all parts of society, including governments and businesses, need to act.
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